The peak of popularity of barnyard (yuft), tarpaulin and chrome boots fell on the period of the last century, but they continue to remain relevant in a number of cases. Today they are in demand among:
- employees of chemically hazardous industries;
- railway track crews;
- electric welders;
- foundry workers;
- participants in the reconstruction of historical events;
- some of the hunters, villagers, etc.
The appearance of tarpaulin, barley and chrome boots, in their modern form, fell on the Soviet period and is associated with the appearance of tarpaulin fabric. This dense cotton fabric takes its name from the English word “kersey”, which was synonymous with rough linen, a kind of technical fabric. Over time, the pronunciation she got the usual name for us – kerza. For the production of tarpaulin shoes, a material treated with a film-forming agent applied to a multilayer fabric was used. The cheapness of this leather substitute predetermined its widespread use for the production of first military and then special footwear.
For their time, they were distinguished by enviable wear resistance. In addition, their production cost the state treasury much cheaper than leather shoes. tall combat boots kept warm well, which allowed them to all-season footwear. In the face of a shortage of natural leather, the ability to establish an uninterrupted supply of footwear to the troops also played a role in widespread distribution. In the conditions of insufficient production of civilian footwear, they could often be seen among ordinary citizens, especially in the post-war period.
Advantages of tarpaulin boots:
- low cost;
- sufficient durability;
- keep the legs from the effects of various deformations and shock loads;
- protection of feet and legs from aggressive liquids and
- moisture resistance, including in rough terrain.
Cowhide and yuft boots. Is there a difference?
The use of yuft (cowhide leather) made it possible to improve the quality, comfort and wear life of the boots. The latter made from the skins of cattle, horse and pork. Despite the rough workmanship, it was already a natural material with all its inherent qualities: hygroscopicity, ability to retain heat, high strength, hypoallergenicity. The use of yuft affected the comfort of wearing, the skin took on the natural shape of the leg better, which could not be said about the artificial material.
Another name for yuft is “Russian leather”. It goes through several stages of tanning and produced from the skins of barnyard (not older than 1-1.5 years) cattle, horse and pork. The technology of its manufacture changed over time, new methods of tanning were introduced (chromium salts were used), but the quality always made it possible to use it for the production of durable footwear. The cowhide leather used in their manufacture was considered optimal for the conditions of hazardous industries, where boots, at that time, had no equal.
GOSTs have repeatedly developed that regulate the quality of footwear from Russian leather. Due to the name of the leather used in the manufacture, leather boots called cowhide boots. There are practically no differences, except for the thickness of the material, which could differ slightly.
Cowhide leather boots were part of the clothing uniform issued by the Armed Forces, in demand in rural areas, by workers in hazardous industries. They perfectly protected the legs of hunters, village workers from cold, moisture and shock loads. Steel makers used them in high temperature conditions, where the leather showed its best qualities, effectively removing excess moisture and protecting against sparks. Welders prized them for their effective descaling properties and dielectric properties.
The advantages of cowhide (yuft) boots:
- resistance to various types of deformation;
- protection against the ingress of aggressive liquids (gasoline, oil, etc.);
- moisture resistance;
- protection against electric shock;
- those in the skin allow it to “breathe”, allowing them to better retain heat;
How to distinguish cowhide (yuft) boots from tarpaulin
The first thing to look at is the bottom of the boot. Leather differs favorably from tarpaulin fabric, including in appearance. The naked eye can see its inherent pattern and texture, which is different from the tarpaulin. The latter only undergoes processing in the form of embossing “under the skin”, therefore it looks less like it. Other differences between yuft (cowhide) boots and tarpaulin boots include:
- they are warmer due to the skin’s better ability to keep warm;
- dry better after getting wet;
- after a while, the lower part takes the shape of the leg, which makes the sock more comfortable;
- resistance to any kind of deformation, protect the leg from impact;
- in a hot period, cowhide skin wicks moisture better, allowing feet to stay dry;
- high dielectric properties of the skin;
- higher cost (leather shoes are always more expensive).
At the beginning of their appearance, they were available to the officer corps, the Airborne Forces, and servicemen who were part of the guard of honor companies. The leather of the chrome boots is very soft, more elaborate and very beautiful to look at. Shoes made from it are more graceful than tarpaulin or cowhide shoes. Over time, the situation has changed, the industry produces many models of chrome boots, especially for women, due to their comfort, grace and beauty.
Differences between chrome boots from barn (yuft) and tarpaulin boots
They rightfully considered the most comfortable of all three shoe options, which predetermined the female interest in them. Other differences include the following:
- passes a higher quality dressing in comparison with barnyard ones, in particular, chromium salts used, which gave the name to the boots;
- soft leather of chrome boots lends itself better to dyeing, embossing, finishing of the front part of the leather surface;
- comfort to wear, due to greater elasticity and plasticity;
- beautiful appearance, due to the fact that they retain their shape better in comparison with tarpaulin or barnyard ones;
- less resistant to prolonged extreme loads than tarpaulin or barn, because their skin is thinner.
Beauty and elegance made chrome boots practically unsuitable as special footwear. In terms of their working qualities, they are inferior to barnyard, yuft and tarpaulin.